The hard task of Conjugating verbs in Spanish.


Understanding how Conjugating Verbs in Spanish.

While persons for conjugating verbs agree quite well in English and in Spanish, as we can see in the following table of pronouns:

Subject Pronouns

Person

Ingles

Español

1st Singular

I

Yo

2nd Singular

You

3th Singular

He, She, It

El, Ella

1st Plural

We

Nosotros, Nosotras

2nd Plural

You

Vosotros, Vosotras

3th Plural

They

Ellos, Ellas

 

there are some basic differences associated with the gender in the Plural, where the Spanish language distinguishes the masculine from the feminine with the slight change of a letter.




 

The real difficulty, and we believe that the bigger one, in learning Spanish by English-speakers, is the fact that each person singular and plural, corresponds a different expression of the verb, and this also is for all tenses.

Let’s look at this with an example. If we take the verb “to love” (“amar”, in Spanish), and we conjugate it for all persons, in both languages, and for the present tense, we would get the following results:

Present Tense

I love

Yo amo

You love

Tu amas

He/She loves

Él/Ella ama

We love

Nosotros/as amamos

You love

Vosotros/as amáis

They love

Ellos/as aman

As we can see, in English there is only a variation in the conjugation for the third person singular, and this variation is very slight, because only added the letter “s” at the end of the verb.




However in Spanish, the differences are notable because each one of the six persons, three in the singular and three in the plural, has a distinct conjugation, which also occurs in each of the of simple tense conjugations, i.e., the present, the past and the future:

Future Tense

I will love

Yo amaré

You will love

Tu amarás

He/She will love

Él/Ella amará

We will love

Nosotros/as amaremos

You will love

Vosotros/as amareis

They will love

Ellos/as amarán

Past Tense

I loved

Yo amé

You loved

Tu amaste

He/She loved

Él/Ella amó

We loved

Nosotros/as amamos

You loved

Vosotros/as amasteis

They loved

Ellos/as amaron

 

The differences are obvious, and although there are certain rules that can help the learning of verbs in Spanish, the reality is that you must learn all the verbs and their conjugations by means of repetition.

But don’t worry, we will help you with our Tips to overcome this apparent “mission impossible”. Your task is to memorize and practice.

In our next Post we will be laying the groundwork for understanding and learning about verbs in Spanish, so we will enter to review concepts such as those of regular and irregular verbs, infinitive, participle and gerund.



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Written By Alberto Otano

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