Talking about Pronouns in Spanish.
By definition, a pronoun is the grammatical element used to replace or specify the persons or objects within a sentence. This definition is valid both in Spanish and in English. But… when going deeper into the matter, we realize that the definition is not enough to make us see the real level of complexity on this extensive topic. So much so, that within our page Web of Tips, we will also have a category dedicated to pronouns, which we will devote several Posts.
In English, the basic grammar defined, initially, three types of pronouns: who in Spanish are called personal pronouns, include two of those types of pronouns, the subject and object Pronouns. The third type of pronoun in English, the possessives, exists in the same way in Spanish.
In order to facilitate access to the theme of the verbs and their conjugations, this first Post just covering the subject, object and possessive Pronouns. These are the following:
In the case of Subject Pronouns and the Objects Pronouns, the only special comment is concerning the existence of genders (male and female) in the pronouns of the 3rd person singular, and in the second and third persons of the Plural.
And in the case of possessive pronouns, there is the difference of genders and quantities of objects to own (one or more).
Another important observation is that relating to the use of the, very useful, pronoun “It”. Again, the practicality of the English language allows more complicated the Spanish learning!.
There is no word of the Spanish that translated the term “It” uniquely. In fact, when you look for the equivalence in a dictionary, you get at least 6 or 7 meanings, depending on context, the quantity and the gender of what you are describing when using the pronoun.
The first meaning is the word “el”, “ella”, “ellos” and “ellas”. These words are equivalent to the “It” that we use to refer to an animal (not family), object, or action when we speak of them repeatedly:
This is my IPod. It sound great
Este es mi Ipod. El suena genial
I bought this chair yesterday. It is very expensive
Yo compre esta silla ayer. Ella es muy cara
The second is formed by the endings “la”, “lo”, “las”, “los”:
Do you need a coin? Take it
¿Necesitas una moneda? Tómala
This is my car. You can use it
Este es mi carro. Tu puedes usarlo
I have ten oranges. Take four and give it to the kids
Tengo diez naranjas. Toma cuatro y dáselas a los niños
These shoes don’t have the same size. Compare it
Estos zapatos no tienen la misma medida. Compáralos
Other use of “it” is to indicate the equivalent to “eso” to speak of something indeterminate:
I didn’t say it
Yo no dije eso
For the rest of equivalences of “It”, we will see them in other Posts.