The sounds of flat syllables using the letters LL and Y have no difference to the ear. That is, both letters form syllables that sound the same:
For this reason it is one of the most common misspellings writing in Spanish.
The letter Ñ, is one of “the new letters” for the English-Speaking people and you can try the phonetic association, which is very nasalized, with sound “ni” in Onion.
Is very important that you practice these sounds, because this letter has a plenty of uses in the Spanish vocabulary. It sounds in the following way:
Letter P has an unique sound with each vowel and generates sounds like the following:
And the letter T, in Spanish, all the time has the strong pronunciation that has in English when is used like in Tiger. Then is also easy to pronounce as follows: