As in English, the possessive pronouns are those pronouns used to designate:
- relationship with something
Although possessive pronouns, or simply possessive, have as main value of possession, they also have a relational value, because it linked “the possessed” with one or more owners.
In the common grammar, the most important classification criterion is based in the position, before or after, respect to the noun. In the theoric Grammar, are usually distinguished with the criterion that the possessive pronouns replace the noun. When accompanying the noun, are classified as possessive adjectives.
The main and very important difference respect to English, is given by the distinctions which are made in Spanish in terms of genders (male and female) in the case of possessive pronouns and the number (singular and Plural) in both cases.
We see this through examples:
|Possessive Pronouns (After noun or replacing it)|
|Persona/ Subject||Singular Masc.||Plural Masc.||Singular Femin.||Plural Femin.||English|
El perro blanco es mio → The white dog is mine → It is mine
Esta casa grande es suya → This big house is hers → It is hers
|Possessive Adjetives (before noun)|
Este es mi perro blanco → This is my white dog
Esta es su casa grande → This is her big house
And by combining these forms of use of both possessives:
Este es mi perro blanco. Es el mio → This is my white dog. It is mine
Esta es su casa grande. Es la suya →This is her big house. It is hers