In this Post we will see a summary of the equivalent time units between English and Spanish, and by the characteristics of this information will do so through a simple table with comparisons.
Only special enlightenment that we believe necessary in regard to units in general is relative to what we wanted to call the mini-units and the maxi-units.
The evolution of humanity, have also evolved the levels of detail with which the man measures and count things. Thanks to the technological evolution and the means used to measure and count, today we can talk about figures describing measurements or very large quantities and units of measurement and, in the same way, we can describe very small quantities and measurements. And this applies to almost all it measurable or accounting, and is thus for both languages.
Fortunately, and without discussing the origins, most of these “extreme measuring units” are built with prefixes that are common to both languages, so we will only make the relevant clarifications in cases in which it is required.
On the other hand, there are countless measurements of time associated with specific facts, culture, customs, etc. that exist in some languages and not in others, and such cases abound in Spanish, so we will also mention the most used although they do not have equivalents in English.
As the intention of our Tips is to facilitate reader understanding of the Spanish language in any of the cases in which can be found, we will try to be more explicit and comprehensive as possible but trying “not to complicate” long explanations.
See our “Table of the Time”.
|Time Units – Unidades de Tiempo|
|zeptosecond||zeptosegundo||10-21 sec||10-21 seg|
|attosecond||attosegundo||10-18 sec||10-18 seg|
|femtosecond||femtosegundo||10-15 sec||10-15 seg|
|picosecond||picosegundo||10-12 sec||10-12 seg|
|nanosecond||nanosegundo||10-9 sec||10-9 seg|
|microsecond||microsegundo||10-6 sec||10-6 seg|
|milisecond||milisegundo||10-3 sec||10-3 seg|
|centisecond||centisegundo||10-2 sec||10-2 seg|
|decisecond||decisegundo||10-1 sec||10-1 seg|
|second||segundo||1 second||1 segundo|
|minute||minuto||60 seconds||60 segundos|
|hour||hora||60 minutes||60 minutos|
|day||día||24 hours||24 horas|
|week||semana||7 days||7 días|
|– 1||novenario||9 days||9 días|
|ten||decena||10 days||10 días|
|dozen||docena||12 days||12 días|
|fortnight||quincena||15 days||15 días|
|month||mes||30 days||30 días|
|quarantine||cuarentena||40 days||40 días|
|bimester||bimestre||2 months||2 meses|
|quarter||trimestre||3 months||3 meses|
|– 2||cuatrimestre||4 months||4 meses|
|semester||semestre||6 months||6 meses|
|year||año||12 months||12 meses|
|biennium||bienio||2 years||2 años|
|– 3||trienio||3 years||3 años|
|– 3||cuatrienio||4 years||4 años|
|– 3||quinquenio||5 years||5 años|
|lustrum||lustro||5 years||5 años|
|decade||década||10 years||10 años|
|century||siglo||100 years||100 años|
|millennium||milenio||1000 years||1000 años|
- The term “Novenario” is used only in association with the religious figure of the 9 days after the death of a person.
- The term “cuatrimestre” is frequently used in association with periods of 4 months associated with business or educational uses.
- These terms, derived from the latin, are used in Spanish to describe periods for labor, business and political.
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