Spanish Adverbs. Something that we need to keep in mind.


Spanish Adverbs.




In the language of Cervantes, the word “mente” can be translated into English directly as “mind“, and has the same meaning. But this use of that word, is less frequent that which is made of it as suffix to form a great amount of Spanish Adverbs.spanish adverbs

Refreshing the concept of adverb.

Both in English and in Spanish, when we want to complement, qualify, quantify, or in general, specify something about a verb, an adjective or another adverb, used grammatical expressions are adverbs. This is the definition that is common to both languages.

However, when we investigate how to make a classification by type, information found for both languages is ambiguous and incomplete, so we decided to “build” a table that includes the consistent information concerning.

Our classification for the English and Spanish adverbs, is the following:

Adverbs Classification/Clasificación de los Adverbios
Classification

/Clasificación

Answer to

/Responde a

Examples Ejemplos
Manner

/Modo

How?

/¿Como?

Well

Fast

Slow

Bien

Rápido

Despacio

Place

/Lugar

Where?

/¿Donde?

Here

Far

Behind

Aquí

Lejos

Detrás

Time

/Tiempo

When?

/¿Cuando?

Today

Already

Late

Hoy

Ya

Tarde

Duration

/Duración

How long?

/¿Cuanto tiempo?

All month

For a while

Since yesterday

Todo el mes

Por un momento

Desde ayer

Frequency

/Frecuencia

How often?

/¿Con que frecuencia?

Once a day

Always

Every month

Una vez al dia

Siempre

Todos los meses

Quantity

/Cantidad

How much/many?

/¿Cuanto/Cuantos?

Few

Enough

Very

Poco

Suficiente

Muy

Affirmation

/Afirmación

Can it be….?

/¿Podrá ser…?

Also

Sure

By all means

Tambien

Seguro

Claro

Negation

/Negación

Can it be….?

/¿Podrá ser…?

Never

Neither

Ever

Jamás

Tampoco

Nunca

Doubt

/Duda

How sure?

/¿Con que certeza?

Indeed

Of course

Perhaps

En efecto

Por supuesto

Tal vez

Order

/Orden

In what order?

/¿En que lugar?

At first

At last

Second

Inicialmente

Por ultimo

Segundo

Degree

/Grado

To what degree?

/¿En que grado?

Too much

So little

Almost

Demasiado

Tan pequeño

Casi

The use of the suffix “mente“.





For almost all the types of adverbs, an of the forms more used in Spanish is formed by the composition of adjectives to which we add the suffix “mente“.

spanish adverbs

The use is similar to the way in which are built in English adverbs ending in “ly“, and due to the compact and simple grammatical construction, constitute one of the most popular Spanish adverbs types. Here are a few examples:

Adjective/Adjetivo Adverb/Adverbio
Happy/Feliz Happily/Felizmente
True/Cierto Truly/Ciertamente
Joyful/Alegre Joyfully/Alegremente
Real/Real Really/Realmente
Easy/Fácil Easilly/Fácilmente
Sad/Triste Sadly/Tristemente
Strong/Fuerte Strongly/Fuertemente
Soft/Suave Softly/Suavemente
First/Primero Firstly/Primeramente
Careful/Cuidadoso Carefully/Cuidadosamente
Rare/Raro Rarely/Raramente

 

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Written By Alberto Otano

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