Prepositions in Spanish. Good for a Love Story

Prepositions in Spanish.

Prepositions in SpanishOne of the most used grammatical elements in all Languages are the Prepositions. In English and Spanish Grammars, its definition is very similar and, although in English they have always been more abundant, the number of Prepositions in Spanish has been increasing in time, by the greater Authority of the Spanish Language that is the RAE, Real Academia Española (Royal Spanish Academy).

However, its definition remains unchanged and can be simplified in the following way:Prepositions in Spanish

“The preposition is a word that relates to the elements of a sentence and may indicate a relationship between these that define: origin, destination, address, place, time, starting point, reason, location, etc.”




Although there is no direct correspondence between them, in both Languages there are the so-called Simple Prepositions formed by a single word, and the Composite Prepositions formed by two or more words.

Prepositions in SpanishAnd when we say that there is no direct correspondence, we mean that there are Simple Prepositions in English that can only be expressed by Composite Prepositions in Spanish and vice versa.

The most important difference that the English-speaker must assimilate is that in Spanish there are only 23 Simple Prepositions against the 53 that exist in English.

This means that some Spanish Prepositions are equivalent to several of the English and vice versa, according to the context, which can bePrepositions in Spanish confusing if we try to do literal translations instead of applying the Rules of Use.

The most notable Prepositions and their Rules of Use will be reviewed in the following Publications but, for now, we will see the Complete List and its Equivalences.

Simple Prepositions in English and their most usual Spanish equivalents can be seen in the following Table:

Simple Prepositions in English / Preposiciones Simples en Ingles
English Spanish Equivalents Notes
about sobre, acerca de
above sobre, encima de
across a través de 1
after después de, tras de 1
against contra, en contra de
along a lo largo de 1
among entre
around alrededor de 1
as en calidad de, en condición de 1,2
at en, a
before antes de, antes que, delante de 1
behind tras, detrás de
below debajo de 1
beneath bajo, debajo de
beside junto a, al lado de 1
between entre
beyond mas allá de, fuera de 1
but excepto, salvo, pero 3
by por, a
concerning sobre, acerca de
despite a pesar de 1
down abajo de 1
during durante
except a excepción de 1,3
for para, por 4
from de, desde
in en
into en, a, dentro de
like en calidad de, a modo de 1
near cerca de 1
next al lado de, junto a 1
of de, a
off de
on en, sobre
onto sobre
out fuera de 1
outside fuera de 1
over encima de 1
past mas allá de 1
since desde
through mediante, a través de, por medio de
throughout en todo, a través de todo, a lo largo de 1
to a, para
toward hacia
under bajo, abajo de, conforme a
underneath debajo de 1
unlike diferente a, a diferencia de 1
until hasta
up encima de 1
upon sobre, a, encima de
with con
within entre, dentro de
without sin




Notes:

  1. There is not a single Spanish word to express it.
  2. Literal translation of the word “as” is “como”, and it is not a Preposition in Spanish but a Conjunction.
  3. The words “excepto”, “salvo”  and “pero” are not Prepositions in Spanish but Conjunctions.
  4. Prepositions “por” and “para” have many meanings, and they will be study as an special case due the Prepositions in Spanishoften confusions that cause because both are translated as “for”.

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Written By Alberto Otano

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