Definition of Adjectives :
In Spanish, as in English, Adjectives are words that affect nouns, accompany and provide information about them. They act as modifiers or contributing attributes, properties and characteristics to those nouns. Unlike English, in Spanish agrees in gender and number with the noun, and is almost always used after this.
Types of Adjectives:
There are several types of adjectives, but for now we will see the following classifications in the Spanish Grammar:
The calificative adjective has the function of noted features or qualities of the noun to which accompanies, describing what are, make or have them subject of the sentence, giving information extra on these.
When we add a word that talks about a feature specific of the subject, such as color, size, shape, status, etc., we have a calificative adjective. Here are several examples:
El perro blanco → The white dog
La casa blanca → The white house
Los niños pequeños → The little kids
Las manzanas pequeñas → The little apples
El pan redondo → The round bread
Las galletas cuadradas → The square cookies
La arena húmeda → The wet sand
Los bosques húmedos → The wet forests
In Spanish its name is: “Adjetivo Calificativo”
As one of the most notable differences between both languages, our Tip more important today is the one concerning the explicative adjectives.
This is one of the few cases in which, in Spanish, the adjective is placed in front of the noun.
The explicative adjective or epithet is a type of adjective which expresses an inherent quality of the noun, which is by its very nature. These adjectives highlighted the qualities that expressed itself nouns, either abstract or concrete, and are most commonly used in literary language.
Properties of the explicative Adjective:
- Can be removed and the sentence would not lose meaning since they function only as an aesthetic complement to the noun.
- Explicative adjectives are placed before the noun.
Here we can see some examples:
El frio invierno → The cold winter
Las oscuras noches → The dark nights
La venenosa serpiente → The poisonous snake
Los calientes desiertos → The hot deserts
In Spanish they are called: “Adjetivo Explicativo“.
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